• Category: Rose Clipart
  • Amount: 25+
  • Date: December 16, 2017

For the ancients, roses were associated with the myth of ADONIS, the lover of Aphrodite (Latin VENUS), from whose BLOOD the first RED roses (or pheasant's eye, a variety of Ranunculus) were said to have grown. They thus became symbolic of love that transcended even death, and of resurrection itself. The ancient Roman festival Rosalia was part of the cult of the dead from the first century after Christ onward it was celebrated on different dates in different regions, but always between May 11 and July 15. The tradition of Rosalia is preserved in present-day Italy in the celebration of Pentecost Sunday (domenica rosata). Participants in Dionysian festivals (see BACCHUS) were adorned with rose garlands because it was believed that roses had the ability to counteract the intoxicating power of WINE, thus keeping revelers from revealing secrets in their drunkenness. Thus the rose came to symbolize discretion, and FIVEleafed roses were often part of the carved adornments of confessionals. Sub rosa, under the seal of secrecy, literally means under the rose. In Christian symbolism the red rose stood for the blood shed by Jesus on the Cross, and thus for God's love (compare rosa candida in Dante's Divine Comedy). The troubadours, however, saw the rose as a tangible symbol of earthly love, and this tradition continues into our own time (see FLOWERS, LANGUAGE OF). The WHITE rose, however, is a legendary symbol of death. Christian iconography made the rose (the queen of flowers) a symbol for Mary, the Queen of Heaven, and for virginity: in the Middle Ages only VIRGINS were permitted to wear rose garlands, and the Madonna was frequently portrayed as surrounded by roses. In ALCHEMY red and white roses enter into the general red/white DUALITY, symbolizing the primal elements SULFUR AND MERCURY, and a rose with seven concentric rings of petals stands for the seven metals and the corresponding planets. The association of the rose with the Cross led to the symbol of the Rosicrucians, a mystical Christian fraternity (or collegium philosophicum) dating back to the Renaissance. Their symbol, a five-leafed rose in a cross, resembles Martin Luther's personal seal, in which a cross grows out of a heart at the center of a five-leafed rose. The coat of arms of Johann Valentin Andreae (1586-1654), through whose writings the Rosicrucians became known throughout the world, was a St. Andrew's cross (in the form of an X) with a rose at each of its four corners. The rose is of great importance in the symbolism of FREEMASONRY. Three roses are placed in the grave of a Mason when he is buried. The three St. John's roses stand for LIGHT, love, and life: on the Masonic St. John's day, June 24, the lodge is decorated with roses in three different colors, and some lodge names refer to this custom (e.g., the Hamburg Lodge of the Three Roses, into which the 18th-century dramatist Lessing was inducted). Rosicrucian and Masonic symbolism appear in Goethe's poem The Secrets, which describes a cross entwined with roses: Who added roses to the cross?/ The garland swells, surrounds the rood on every side,! Brings softness to its rugged edge/ And lightest silver clouds do float suspended,! Just to lift up cross and roses all! And from the midst flows holy life,! In triple stream from single source . ... The baroque poet W. H. von Hohberg remarked in 1675 that there is no rose without a thorn (or, more precisely, without a prickle): As rose was never seen, that thorns did not afford,! So are people, too, a motley mix, wheree'er you turn,! With some, the godly ones, the people of the Lord/ And others, wicked, fully certain yet to burn. In traditional Chinese symbolism the rose is considerably less important than in the West: it signifies youth but has no specific association with love. Bockler writes about the rose in HERALDRY as follows: Flowers generally signify a state of flourishing, full of joyful hope, which will be propagated, it is hoped, in the descendents of the noble line and in their gloriOUS deeds. One such flower is the rose, ... whose royal status among flowers is explained by its special association with comfort, generosity, and discretion. Red roses have an inevitable association with the redness of the blood that all must shed for freedom, for the Fatherland, for the Church: just as a red rose by the grace of God steadily grows and grows, so must an officer be prepared at any moment to shed blood. The rose came to have special significance as a military insignia because of the Roman belief that Mars was born from a rose (1688). In general the heraldic rose appears (like the LILY) in highly stylized form, as a blossom viewed from above with leaves bent inward: not only the five -leaved but also sixor eight-leaved roses, and occasionally silver or gold in color rather than the more common red. Roses are best known in English heraldry, and specifically as symbols of the houses of York (a white rose) and Lancaster (a red rose) this is why the conflict between the two houses is referred to as the War of the Roses. The 'Tudor rose is a combination of the roses of York and Lancaster. The arms of the city of Southampton contain one red rose and two white. In Germany the arms of the princes of Lippe and those of the barons of Altenburg contained roses, as did subsequently those of the cities of Lemgo and Lippstadt.

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